When September ends, most spring and summer crops end their productive cycle, so it is the time to think about the urban winter garden, cleaning it from the old crops and preparing it for the multitude of horticultural varieties that during the cold months are in planting season.
It is also the time for cultivation tables to prepare such important seedbeds for have seedlings When the good weather comes All those vegetables that are collected in spring and summer can be sown in seedlings on these dates.
If you live in a warm area it will be possible to direct sowing of some crops, such as garlic, radishes, carrots, and the transplantation of strawberries, chard, lettuce, escarole, arugula, leeks and cabbage. So, although it is very cold and the work of the urban garden on the terrace or balcony is less attractive than in the hot months, we will not neglect to produce our vegetables ourselves. We start!
If you live in a cold area now is the ideal time to plant garlic. To do this, place the garlic clove at a minimum depth, just so that it is not exposed in a well drained soil It is very sensitive to moisture. Leave between a tooth and a tooth that is a distance of about 10 centimeters.
The garlic plantation can be combined with other vegetables such as lettuce, tomatoes, carrots and beets, or any other long cycle crop.
They are very sensitive to cold, so that eggplants are better kept protected in a seedbed in these months. They do not usually like to be associated with other horticultural crops, especially never with cucumber, and between them it is convenient to separate them about 50 centimeters because they have a very powerful horizontal root system that needs space.
Very demanding in the amount of nutrients, requires a large subscriber. To enjoy your collection you will have to wait until June.
It is time to plant the bulbs of onions, one of the most frequent crops in the garden. This is recommended plant the bulbs every 10 or 15 centimeters. At mid-spring we perform the transplant leaving them already with a separation of 15 centimeters between each specimen and 25 centimeters between rows.
The duration of the culture is from 80 to 150 days. Then the bulbs are collected between august and september when they have grown enough, but to store them we will wait for the top to dry, raking the ground and letting the onions dry on one side in the sun.
Its cultivation is carried out by direct sowing in temperate climate zones leaving about 5 centimeters of distance between plant and plant, being necessary the use of a tutor so that the pea plant is screwed naturally. The sowing depth will be 2 to 4 centimeters and it should be associated with cabbage, cabbage, radish and carrots.
It is a temperate and somewhat humid crop, since the plants freeze below -4ºC and ideally a slightly acidic soil. Your harvest is done between may and june when the pods are full, but without letting the beans harden.
Though can be sown all year we must be careful with the chard when it is sown and transplanted in moments of very cold. It is sown abundantly and so we can get fresh leaves from 60 days of planting.
We can combine them with lettuce, cabbage, onion and garlic, although you should avoid planting with other vegetables from the same family as beets and spinach.
The beans belong to the legume family is a simple and very prolific cultivation, it requires a plantation of its seeds at a distance of 30 centimeters. When the plant reaches 40 centimeters, it should be detached so that it develops new stems, and in tall varieties it is convenient to put tutors so that they curl in them and grow vertically.
They are compatible with the carrot, radish, cabbage and lettuce. The harvest will be collected in the months of June and July.
It is not a crop too demanding with the temperatures, but prefers temperatures without large swings and maritime climates Better than continental. The soil prefers it well drained, better clayey-limestone.
Escarole is a typical winter crop because it is very resistant to low temperatures being an option in very cold areas to replace lettuce. It can be associated with cabbage, carrots and beets.
It is also time to make seedlings for the next crops, the main varieties would be pepper, eggplant, borage, arugula, some variety of lettuce, lentils, chickpeas, radishes, leeks, chard, spinach, chives, beets and carrots among others.
Aromatic and medicinal plants
And if you like to plant aromatic herbs in your urban garden, you should know that this is the time of the mint, marigold and borage.
These are some of the main varieties of urban garden that can be planted in winter. We hope you are encouraged to continue growing in the winter, it is a pleasure to be able to collect the vegetables grown by ourselves throughout the year.